Pre-Participation

First-Year Student Athletes

Before Your Arrive on Campus

Before first-year student athletes’ arrival on campus, and within the last 6 months, a physical exam must be performed and the Intercollegiate Pre-Participation Physical Evaluation form must be completed and signed by a primary provider at home.  This physical evaluation has a strong emphasis on the cardiovascular, neurologic and musculoskeletal systems.

All incoming students are also required to meet the University and the state of Connecticut’s immunization requirements.

Students who participate in the following sports will have baseline balance and ImPACT testing:

  • Diving
  • Field hockey
  • Football
  • Gymnastics
  • Hockey
  • Lacrosse
  • Pole Vaulting
  • Soccer

All athletes undergo a comprehensive medical evaluation prior to participating in their respective sport. As part of this evaluation, we will ask you for details about your family medical history. Please review your family’s medical history with your parents, including any heart problems on either side of the family, and any instances of early heart failure, arrhythmia, or sudden death in relatives under 50 years old.

Additionally, you will receive an electrocardiogram (also known as ECG or EKG) prior to sport participation. The ECG’s are read by our Sports Cardiology team. Most ECGs are normal. However, approximately 1 in 15 athletes require further testing because of an abnormality on the ECG. Further testing may include: an echocardiogram (heart ultrasound); a heart monitor (24 hour holter), stress test, or MRI of the heart. Should further testing be required after comprehensive physical examination and ECG, you will be scheduled for the test at Yale. These tests will be performed in an expedited manner to minimize any disruption to your academic and athletic schedule. While subsequent testing is most often normal, occasionally we do find abnormalities that may put athletes at risk for participation in sports. In this rare event, our Sports Cardiology team will discuss your options, including special precautions, treatments, and safety for participating in sports.

Medical Evaluation on Campus

Each year student athletes complete a new Health Evaluation form. Upon review of their forms some athletes will require further evaluations, for example those who had unresolved issues when they left in the spring, or those who had injuries or medical concerns over the summer.

Athletes who had a concussion in the previous athletic season will repeat their baseline ImPACT testing.